A resource directory for emergency preparedness,
response, recovery, and accessible communications
Welcome to Emergency Preparedness Online
What is Emergency Preparedness Online?
Emergency Preparedness Online is a website and printer-friendly resource directory
established to provide information regarding organizations involved in
emergency preparedness and communications, particularly as they relate
to the Emergency Alert System and individuals with disabilities. The
directory includes information about and reports from government agencies
and commissions, private and not-for-profit organizations, and foreign
and international groups pertaining to their work involving response,
recovery, and communications during times of emergency, with an additional
focus on the accessibility of such communications for people with disabilities.
Prepared by John Cavanagh, Matt Kaplowitz, Anne Malia, Jessica Malia,
and Ken Takeuchi
Emergency Preparedness Glossary
Administration for Children and Families – a division of the Department
of Health and Human Services, ACF is responsible for federal programs
that promote the economic and social wellbeing of families, children,
individuals, and communities
Administration on Aging (AoA) – Operating under the Department
of Health and Human Services, the Administration on Aging provides home
and community-based services to older persons through programs funded
by the Older Americans Act.
Administration on Developmental Disabilities (ADD) – the Federal
agency responsible for implementation and administration of the Developmental
Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000 (DD Act) and the
disability provisions of the Help America Vote Act. Organizationally,
the Administration on Developmental Disabilities is located within the
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
All Hazard Roundtable – roundtable discussion open to the public
that explores how new and existing technologies can be used to provide
more assurance that the warning of approaching storms or other catastrophes
will be sent to those who need it most, through whatever means available.
American Academy of Pediatrics – an organization of 60,000 pediatricians
committed to the attainment of optimal physical, mental, and social health
and well-being for all infants, children, adolescents, and young adults.
American Association on Health and Disability – an organization
whose main goals are to prevent additional health complications in people
with disabilities, and to identify effective intervention strategies to
reduce the incidence of secondary conditions and the health disparities
between people with disabilities and the general population.
American Foundation for the Blind – a national nonprofit that expands
possibilities for people with vision loss. AFB's priorities include broadening
access to technology; elevating the quality of information and tools for
the professionals who serve people with vision loss; and promoting independent
and healthy living for people with vision loss by providing them and their
families with relevant and timely resources.
American Red Cross – a humanitarian organization that provides
emergency assistance, disaster relief and education inside the United
States, as part of the International Federation of the Red Cross.
Automated Program Controller (APC) – automatic dispatcher of emergency
broadcasts; allows automated switching to emergency broadcasts, with a
scalable response depending on emergency level, and without interrupting
the normal data broadcast
BML – a server-side markup language designed for use in large websites
in need of templates, like its most well-known example, LiveJournal. Because
BML is a server-side language, it can generate dynamic (as opposed to
static) web pages or content.
Blue292 – a leading provider of crisis information management software
(CIMS), and environmental, health and safety (EHS) solutions
Briceño, Sálvano – Director of the Inter-Agency Secretariat
of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR). Sálvano
Briceño was appointed the Director of the Secretariat of the International
Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR) in June 2001.
California Office of Emergency Services (OES) – this branch of
the Governor’s office designated to prepare and response to disasters
such as war-caused emergencies, natural disasters and civil disturbances
Capital Wireless Integrated Network (CapWIN) – a partnership between
the States of Maryland and Virginia, and the District of Columbia to develop
an interoperable first responder data communication and information sharing
Center for Development and Disability – the mission of the CDD
is the full inclusion of people with disabilities and their families in
their community by: engaging individuals in making life choices; partnering
with communities to build resources; and improving systems of care
Center for Disability Issues in the Health Profession – established
in 1998, CDIHP sponsors educational activities and curriculum development
for health professionals serving people with disabilities. The Center
also conducts applied research to develop continuing education programs
for current health care providers. These activities are designed to improve
patient care delivery through advocating basic changes in social and policy
issues affecting the health of people with disabilities
Comlabs, Inc. – a respected leader in the satellite warning and
communications arena for the past 15 years
Common Alerting Protocol – an open, non-proprietary standard data
interchange format that can be used to collect all types of hazard warnings
and reports locally, regionally and nationally, for input into a wide
range of information-management and warning dissemination systems.
Community Emergency Preparedness Information Network (CEPIN) –
in late 2004, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) awarded Telecommunications
for the Deaf, Inc. (TDI) nearly $1.5 million for a two-year project, called
Community Emergency Preparedness Information Network (or the CEPIN Project),
which develops model community education programs for deaf and hard of
hearing consumers. TDI coordinates efforts by specialists in four centers
throughout America in promoting emergency preparedness.
Community Emergency Response Network (CERN) – a unique organization
in Howard County, Maryland (just outside Washington, DC) that facilitates
the development of a community-based disaster response plan for Howard
County to ensure optimum preparedness in the advent of a terrorist attack
on Washington. CERN supports the County government's disaster planning
through the coordination of the emergency plans and resources
Data Broadcast Interruption/Push technology – technology offering
flexible switching and simultaneous data broadcast by Automated Program
Controller at broadcast stations
Department of Homeland Security (DHS) – a Cabinet department of
the federal government of the United States that is concerned with protecting
America's people from harm and its property from damage. This department
was created primarily from a conglomeration of existing federal agencies
in response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.
Digital Emergency Alert System – A new Emergency Alert System being developed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the Association of Public Television Stations (APTS). It will allow emergency alerts to be instantaneously sent to users of computers, mobile phones, pagers and other devices, without the need for a special receiver.
Digital Terrestrial Network – a network on which Emergency Warning
Signals are sent to portable devices such as cell phones and portable
Disability Funders Network – network of members whose mission is
to increase the extent and effectiveness of grantmaking that benefits
people with disabilities, and to promote inclusion of people with disabilities
in effective philanthropy
Disability Preparedness Center – focused on helping ensure that
all individuals are included in the development of and inclusion in plans
for protection from both natural and man-made emergencies
Disability Resources – a nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization established
to promote and improve awareness, availability and accessibility of information
that can help people with disabilities live, learn, love, work and play
independently. DR disseminates information about books, pamphlets, magazines,
newsletters, videos, databases, government agencies, nonprofit organizations,
telephone hotlines and on-line services that provide free, inexpensive
or hard-to-find information to help people with disabilities live independently
Disability Rights Office – a resource office of the FCC which strives
to provide those with disabilities such as hearing, visual or speech with
the same telecommunications opportunities as everyone else.
Disaster News Network – a news services that tells the story of
disaster response and suggests appropriate ways the public can help survivors;
it also facilitates information sharing among disaster responders
Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Response Association (DERA) –
founded in 1962 to assist communities with disaster preparedness, hazard
mitigation, emergency response-recovery, and to serve as a worldwide professional
association linking professionals, volunteers, and organizations active
in all phases of emergency management.
Dynamic Broadcast Bandwidth Controller – maximizes emergency data
broadcast depending on the content of current programming; makes it possible
for automated switching to emergency broadcast as requested by local and
other agencies, with scalable response on emergency level, and without
interrupting the normal data broadcast
Easter Seals (Project Action) – Congress originally commissioned
Easter Seals Project ACTION in 1988 as a research and demonstration project
to improve access to public transportation for people with disabilities.
With the passage of the ADA two years later, their goals expanded to help
transportation operators implement the law's transportation provisions
EmergencyPrepOnline - An online resource directory, produced by Bridge
Multimedia, which provides information regarding the Emergency Alert System
and organizations involved in Emergency Preparedness, particularly as
it relates to individuals with disabilities
Emergency Alert System (EAS) – was established by the FCC in November
of 1994 with the approval of Part 11 EAS rules. The EAS replaced the Emergency
Broadcast System (EBS) as a tool the President and others may use to warn
the public about emergency situations.
Emergency Broadcast System – The EBS was designed to provide the
president with a means to address the American people in the event of
a national emergency. Through the EBS, the president had access to thousands
of broadcast stations to send an emergency message to the public. In 1994,
to overcome some of the limitations of the older EBS system, the Federal
Communications Commission (FCC) replaced the EBS with the Emergency Alert
System (EAS). The major difference between EBS and EAS is the method used
to alert broadcast stations about an incoming message.
Emergency Medical Services (EMS) – responsible for providing prehospital
care by paramedics, emergency medical technicians and medical first responders;
EMS provides early treatment to those in need of urgent medical care,
and rapid transportation to an emergency department.
Emergency Preparedness and Response for Individuals with Disabilities Act of 2006 –
A bill introduced in 2006 which calls for a Disability Coordinator within the Department of Homeland Security, to ensure the accessibility of information about evacuation and disaster relief. It also requires the Government Accountability Office to conduct a national study of emergency shelters to determine how many of them are considered accessible under the Americans with Disabilities Act.
Emergency Response and Crisis Management Technical Assistance Center
(ERCM) – help school districts develop comprehensive plans for any
emergency or crisis, including natural disasters, violent incidents, and
Emergency Warning Signals (EWS) – signals sent via Digital Terrestrial
Network, which are picked up by portable devices and decoded to create
a real-time broadcast.
E Team – designed by Emergency Managers to provide the functionality
needed to effectively manage every phase of a crisis. Proven time and
again in real-life situations such as the California and Arizona wildfires,
2002 Winter Olympics, and New York City’s response to 9/11, E Team
is available in Government and Corporate Editions
Federal Alliance for Safe Home (FLASH) – a non-profit, 501(c)3
organization dedicated to promoting disaster safety and property loss
mitigation. FLASH was founded in Florida in 1998 as the Florida Alliance
for Safe Homes. Today it has grown into one of the most respected disaster
preparedness organizations in the nation, with more than 75 partners from
government, business, academia and not-for-profit organizations
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) – an independent United
States government agency, directly responsible to Congress. The FCC was
established by the Communications Act of 1934 and is charged with regulating
interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire,
satellite and cable. The FCC's jurisdiction covers the 50 states, the
District of Columbia, and U.S. possessions.
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) – a government agency
in the United States which is organized under the Department of Homeland
Security (DHS) in the Emergency Preparedness and Response Directorate.
The agency is charged with what it defines as four domains of emergency
management: mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery.
Florida Disability Task Force – task force on emergency preparedness
for people with disabilities; holds conferences on special needs shelters,
health care perspectives and the impact of specific disasters on people
with various types of disabilities
Fujitsu – a leading provider of customer-focused information technology
and communications solutions for the global marketplace.
GeoDecisions, Inc. – an award-winning leader in the information
technology industry that specializes in geospatial solutions.
Global Positioning System (GPS) – a satellite navigation system
used for determining one's precise location and providing a highly accurate
time reference almost anywhere on Earth or in Earth orbit.
Hormann America, Inc. – assists emergency response professionals
with state-of-the-art alerting and notification systems/products and consulting
and design services to ensure that the public in their jurisdiction are
alerted to take shelter from the consequences of natural or man-made disasters.
IEM, Inc. – one of the leading risk management companies in the
US, providing services to private industry and government agencies, including
the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the US Department of
Independent Living Research Utilization (ILRU) – a national center
for information, training, research, and technical assistance in independent
living. Its goal is to expand the body of knowledge in independent living
and to improve utilization of results of research programs and demonstration
projects in this field.
Infectious Diseases Information – represents physicians, scientists
and other health care professionals who specialize in infectious diseases.
IDSA’s purpose is to improve the health of individuals, communities,
and society by promoting excellence in patient care, education, research,
public health, and prevention relating to infectious diseases.
Inter-Agency Task Force on Disaster Reduction (IATF/DR) – Serves
as the main forum within the United Nations for continued and concerted
emphasis on natural disaster reduction, in particular for defining strategies
for international cooperation at all levels in this field, while ensuring
that the actions between agencies are complementary.
Interagency Coordinating Council – facilitates successful outcomes
for young children with disabilities and young children at risk for developing
disabilities and their families.
International Association of Emergency Managers – a non-profit
educational organization dedicated to promoting the goals of saving lives
and protecting property during emergencies and disasters.
International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) – aims at
building disaster-resilient communities by promoting increased awareness
of the importance of disaster reduction as an integral component of sustainable
development, with the goal of reducing human, social, economic and environmental
losses due to natural hazards and related technological and environmental
Katrina Disability Information – created by Susan Fitzmaurice,
a lifelong disability advocate, this site is now a nationally recognized
clearinghouse for information helping people with disabilities cope with
the aftermath of hurricane Katrina; the site is dedicated to helping people
with disabilities survive disasters.
KDDI – KDDI Engineering and Consulting, Inc. (KEC) was established
in 1974, with the aim of contributing to the advancement of telecommunications,
and to social, economic and cultural development.
Louisiana Disability Information Resource – Information for people
with disabilities and their families who have been affected by Hurricane
Media Security and Reliability Council (MSRC) – council whose mission
is to prepare a comprehensive national strategy for securing and sustaining
Broadcast and MVPD facilities throughout the United States during terrorist
attacks, natural disasters and all other threats or attacks nationwide.
MITRE Corporation – a not-for-profit organization chartered to
work in the public interest. As a national resource, they apply their
expertise in systems engineering, information technology, operational
concepts, and enterprise modernization to address sponsors' critical needs.
Mobile Satellite Service (MSS) – a satellite system that uses portable
terrestrial terminals. MSS terminals may be mounted on a ship, an airplane,
or an automobile; MSS terminals may even be carried by individuals
mobileFoundations – a company that develops and deploys enterprise-wide
mission-critical wireless solutions.
Multi-Hazard Emergency Planning for Schools – a short and easy-to-take
web-based course that focuses on multi-hazard emergency planning for schools.
MyStateUSA – a Community/County/State integration solution that
networks the Community to the County to the Regions of a State as well
as networking each State on a National basis.
National Preparedness Month (NPM) – September of
each year was proclaimed to be National Preparedness Month by President
George W. Bush in 2007, to encourage all American citizens to get involved
in community and personal preparedness efforts. It is run by the Ready Campaign
through the Department of Homeland Security as is a national public service
advertising campaign designed to educate and empower Americans to prepare
for and respond to emergencies including natural disasters and potential
terrorist attacks. The goal of the campaign is to get the public involved
and ultimately to increase the level of basic preparedness across the nation.
NDS Ltd. – the leading global supplier of open end-to-end digital
pay TV solutions for the secure delivery of entertainment and information
to television set-top boxes and IP devices.
National Center for Accessible Media (NCAM) – research and development
facility that works to make media accessible to disabled persons, minority-language users,
and people with low literacy skill.
National Center for Learning Disabilities – works to ensure that
the nation's 15 million children, adolescents and adults with learning
disabilities have every opportunity to succeed in school, work and life.
NCLD provides essential information to parents, professionals and individuals
with learning disabilities, promotes research and programs to foster effective
learning and advocates for policies to protect and strengthen educational
rights and opportunities.
National Council on Disabilities – an independent federal agency
making recommendations to the President and Congress to enhance the quality
of life for all Americans with disabilities and their families. NCD is
composed of 15 members appointed by the President and confirmed by the
U.S. Senate. NCD's overall purpose is to promote policies, programs, practices,
and procedures that guarantee equal opportunity for all individuals with
disabilities, regardless of the nature or severity of the disability;
and to empower individuals with disabilities to achieve economic self-sufficiency,
independent living, and inclusion and integration into all aspects of
National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities (NCEF) – a free
public service that provides information on planning, designing, funding,
building, improving, and maintaining schools.
National Disability Rights Network – nonprofit membership organization
for the federally mandated Protection and Advocacy (P&A) Systems and
Client Assistance Programs (CAP) for individuals with disabilities; collectively,
the P&A/CAP network is the largest provider of legally based advocacy
services to people with disabilities in the United States.
National Fire Protection Association – international nonprofit
whose mission is to reduce the worldwide burden of fire and other hazards
on the quality of life by providing and advocating consensus codes and
standards, research, training, and education. NFPA membership totals more
than 79,000 individuals from around the world and more than 80 national
trade and professional organizations.
The National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)
– provides leadership and support for a comprehensive program of
research related to the rehabilitation of individuals with disabilities.
All of our programmatic efforts are aimed at improving the lives of individuals
with disabilities from birth through adulthood.
National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT)
– In April 2004, the Communications Research Laboratory, an incorporated
administrative agency, and the Telecommunications Advancement Organization
of Japan, a chartered corporation, were merged and re-launched as the
National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT),
an incorporated administrative agency. NICT was established to carry out
research and development in the field of information and communications
technology, in an integrated manner from basic science to application,
with the aim of supporting the approaching ubiquitous network society
as well as to provide comprehensive assistance to public and private organizations
working in this field.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – an agency
of the US Department of Commerce; conducts environmental research.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Weather Radio (NWR) –
is a nationwide network of radio stations broadcasting continuous weather
information direct from a nearby National Weather Service office. NWR
broadcasts National Weather Service warnings, watches, forecasts and other
hazard information 24 hours a day.
National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) – a Cabinet-level
Council that is the principal means for the President to coordinate science,
space, and technology to coordinate the diverse parts of the Federal research
and development enterprise. The President chairs the NSTC. Membership
consists of the Vice President, Assistant to the President for Science
and technology, Cabinet Secretaries and Agency Heads with significant
science and technology responsibilities, and other White House officials.
National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) –
a division of the Department of Commerce, NTIA is the President's principal
adviser on telecommunications and information policy issues, and in this
role frequently works with other Executive Branch agencies to develop
and present the Administration's position on these issues.
National Weather Service – official US weather, marine, fire and
aviation forecasts, warnings, meteorological products, climate forecasts
and information about meteorology.
Network Reliability and Interoperability Council (NRIC) – Provides
disaster recovery and network reliability information, as well as guidelines
for physical, network and cyber security best practices.
New Jersey Emergency Preparedness Association (NJEPA) – provides
education and training by hosting an annual New Jersey Emergency Preparedness
Conference for all persons and agencies involved in the emergency management
New Jersey Office of Emergency Management – established in 1980,
the NJOEM coordinates and directs all emergency-related activities through
the NJ State Police on behalf of the Governor.
Nippon Hoso Kyokai (NHK) – Japan Broadcasting Corp. - Japan's sole
public broadcaster, introduced a radio service in 1925 and a television
service in 1953. NHK has 54 stations across Japan and correspondents in
34 locations around the world.
Nobody Left Behind – their primary research mission is to identify
emerging or Best Practices models for counties to assist in disaster plans
and emergency responses to meet the needs of persons with mobility impairments
in hopes of preventing injuries, saving lives, and assuring Nobody is
Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) – An announcement published
in the Federal Register of proposed new regulations or modifications to
existing regulations; the first stage in the process of creating or modifying
Office of Disability Employment Policy – provides national leadership
by developing and influencing disability-related employment policy and
practice affecting the employment of people with disabilities.
Office of Emergency Management – under the Environmental Protection
Agency, the new OEM consolidates OSWER's emergency prevention, preparedness,
and response duties by joining together the Oil Program Center, Emergency
Response & Removal Center and the Chemical Emergency Preparedness
and Prevention Office. OEM’s mission is to ensure that this Nation
is better prepared for environmental emergencies, the Office of Emergency
Management (OEM) works with other EPA partners, Federal agencies, state
and local response agencies, and industry to prevent accidents as well
as maintain superior response capabilities. OEM's overall mission is to
provide national leadership to prevent, prepare for, and respond to health
and environmental emergencies.
Office of Safe and Drug Free Schools (OSDFS) – The Office of Safe
and Drug-Free Schools (OSDFS) administers, coordinates, and recommends
policy for improving quality and excellence of programs and activities
that are designed to provide assistance for drug and violence prevention
activities, provide national leadership on correctional education, and
help to develop a national research agenda for drug and violence prevention.
Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) –
The Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) is
committed to improving results and outcomes for people with disabilities
of all ages. In supporting President Bush's No Child Left Behind agenda
and the New Freedom Initiative, OSERS provides a wide array of supports
to parents and individuals, school districts and states in three main
areas: special education, vocational rehabilitation and research.
Oregon RAINS – non-profit, private/public partnership formed to
accelerate the development and deployment of innovative technology for
Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards
(OASIS) – a consortium that produces more Web services standards
than any other organization along with standards for security, e-business,
and standardization efforts in the public sector and for application-specific
markets. Founded in 1993, OASIS has more than 5,000 participants representing
over 600 organizations and individual members in 100 countries.
Panasonic – Panasonic, a leading manufacturer of electronics, has
Usability Centers throughout the world, which research and develop technology
for users with special needs. Having helped lead the way in the development
of DVD, SD Memory Cards, DTV and other important technology, the R&D
centers of the Panasonic Group of Companies are working to make emerging
technologies accessible, and to develop new technologies that aim to further
enable and encourage employment, independence, and enhanced entertainment
experiences for people with disabilities.
Partnership for Public Warning (PPW) – a non-profit, public-private
partnership established in 2002 to save the lives and property of people
at risk from natural disasters, accidents and terrorism by improving the
nation’s alert and warning capabilities.
Project Safe EV-AC: Evacuation and Accommodation of People with Disabilities
– three year development project, will improve evacuation from buildings,
vehicles, and other settings during emergencies by providing training
materials on the EVacuation and ACcommodation of people with disabilities
Radio Band Data Services – EAS service that would provide text
alerts to car radios that are equipped with a display.
Radio Frequency (RF) – any frequency within the electromagnetic
spectrum associated with radio wave propagation. When an RF current is
supplied to an antenna, an electromagnetic field is created that then
is able to propagate through space. Many wireless technologies are based
on RF field propagation.
READYAmerica – a common sense framework designed to launch a process
of learning about citizen preparedness. One of the primary mandates of
the U.S. Department of Homeland Security is to educate the public, on
a continuing basis, about how to be prepared in case of a national emergency
- including a possible terrorist attack
Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center (RERC) – Rehabilitation
Engineering Research Centers (RERCs) plan and conduct research leading
to new scientific knowledge and new or improved methods, procedures and
devices to benefit people with disabilities.
Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center on Telecommunications Access
(RERC-TA) – Plans and conducts research specific to telecommunications
access for those with disabilities.
RE-SPEAK Captioning System – created by NHK to capture and create
captions live by voice recognition. During live broadcasts, the captioning
narrator rereads what is being spoken, and a computer then converts it
to captioning data. This can help create error-free captions.
Satellite Broadcasting and Communications Association (SBCA) –
the national trade organization representing all segments of the satellite
industry. It is committed to expanding the utilization of satellite technology
for the broadcast delivery of video, audio, data, music, voice, interactive
and broadband services. SBCA is composed of DBS, C-band, broadband, satellite
radio, and other satellite service providers, content providers, equipment
manufacturers, distributors, retailers, encryption vendors, and national
and regional distribution companies that make up the satellite services
School’s Out – lets parents immediately know if there is
an emergency at their children’s school. The School's Out system
is tied directly to the school administration and is updated by their
own authorized personnel; can send an average of over 1,000,000 email
alerts per week. School’s Out serves over 150 school districts and
private schools using our system with over 250,000 email subscribers.
Ship Analytics – a company providing emergency management and security
solutions, simulation technology and maritime products to prevent and
manage water disasters.
Sirius Radio – satellite radio company offering over 120 channels of
satellite radio: 65 devoted to commercial-free music, in almost every
genre imaginable, plus over 55 channels of sports, news and talk.
Specific Area Message Encoder (SAME) codes – The Weather Radio
"Specific Area Message Encoder" (WR-SAME), more currently called
"SAME" is a digitally encoded signal transmitted by the local
NOAA Weather Radio station's equipment. This digital code is transmitted
just before and at the end of selected messages heard on the NOAA Weather
Radio (NWR) station.
Technology Opportunities Program (TOP) – a highly competitive,
merit-based grant program that brings the benefits of digital network
technologies to communities throughout the United States. TOP awards matching
grants to public and non-profit organizations to demonstrate practical
applications of telecommunications and information technologies.
Telecommunications for the Deaf, Inc. (TDI) – national organization
engaging in telecommunications advocacy for deaf and hard of hearing people.
Third International Conference on Early Warning (EWC III) – Hosted
by Germany under the auspices of the United Nations, the Third International
Conference on Early Warning against natural hazards will take place in
Bonn from 27 to 29 March 2006. The Indian Ocean tsunami disaster in December
2004 and the devastation caused by Hurricane Katrina in August 2005 demonstrated,
once again, the pressing need for effective early warning against natural
hazards of all kinds in all parts of the world.
United Nations Under-Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs –
a high level position in the United Nations that heads the Office for
the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. The title Emergency Relief Coordinator
was created by UN resolution on December 1991 to coordinate the efforts
of the special representatives of the United Nations Secretary-General
to complex, man-made emergencies and the tasks of the UN Disaster Relief
Coordinator (UNDRO), who handles natural disasters. Shortly thereafter
the Secretary-General gave the Emergency Relief Coordinator the status
of Under-Secretary-General (USG) for Humanitarian Affairs and the corresponding
United States Access Board – an independent Federal agency devoted
to accessibility for people with disabilities. Created in 1973 to ensure
access to federally funded facilities, the Board is now a leading source
of information on accessible design. The Board develops and maintains
design criteria for the built environment, transit vehicles, telecommunications
equipment, and for electronic and information technology. It also provides
technical assistance and training on these requirements and on accessible
design and continues to enforce accessibility standards that cover federally
United States Department of Transportation – established by an
act of Congress on October 15, 1966, the Department’s first official
day of operation was April 1, 1967. The mission of the Department is to
serve the United States by ensuring a fast, safe, efficient, accessible
and convenient transportation system that meets our vital national interests
and enhances the quality of life of the American people, today and into
United States Fire Administration – an entity of the Department
of Homeland Security, the mission of the USFA is to reduce life and economic
losses due to fire and related emergencies, through leadership, advocacy,
coordination, and support.
United States Geological Survey – an unbiased, multi-disciplinary
science organization focused on biology, geography, geology, geospatial
information, and water; and the timely, relevant, and impartial study
of the landscape, natural resources, and the natural hazards.
Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) – responsible for
building, maintaining and operating the state's roads, bridges and tunnels;
Virginia has the third-largest state-maintained highway system in the
country (behind North Carolina and Texas).
WGBH Educational Foundation – Works to deliver accessible television
to people who are deaf, hard-of-hearing, blind, or visually impaired so
as not to exclude them from choosing to participate in its educational,
cultural, and entertaining elements. WGBH invented TV captioning and video
descriptions and continues in its efforts to bring media access to all
of television, as well as to the Web, movie theaters, and more.
Warning Systems, Inc. – provides tone alert radio systems used
for indoor emergency notification during natural and man-made disasters.
World Conference on Disaster Reduction (WCDR) – a United Nations
conference bringing together government officials, non-governmental experts
and other specialists from around the world to discuss the growing trend
of people affected by natural disasters.
XM Radio – one of two FCC licensees to deliver satellite radio
programming. XM delivers its coast-to-coast, digital-quality service with
more than 150 channels of music, news, talk, radio, sports, comedy and