Joomla is one of the leading and most popular Content Management System (CMS). It helps its users in creating and maintaining useful and engaging websites and also many online apps in a very simple and easy manner. Joomla is a free open-source website software which doesn’t require any special technical skills or knowledge to manage sites and so can be used by both the beginners and professionals. In fact it is a superb software for newbies when compared to many other open source softwares which put one’s technical skills to test.
With Joomla all the content of the website like text documents, images, articles, music, videos and anything and everything is stored in a database. Joomla uses this content as per user specification and produces webpages using templates and themes. (Template is used for layout and designing of Joomla powered site which can be edited and customized according to individual needs). So one is saved of a big task of storing HTML pages, updating them, linking them and uploading them to server which consumes a huge time.
Joomla website’s ability can be increased with Joomla extensions
Another advantage with Joomla CMS is that it is extendable. If anyone wants to use Joomla features for his/her website which are not available by default, in Joomla it can easily be done with Joomla extensions. To install a Joomla extension one can either upload it, install it from URL or install it from a directory. Different Joomla extensions manage different functions. These are –
Templates – Look and feel of the website is very important and templates are responsible for the same. They describe the overall design and structure of the site. Users can change and customize them as and when needed.
Plugins – Plugins are the Joomla extensions which manage functions related to trigger events. They are necessary in handling a particular event. When an event sets off during the execution of any part of Joomla like a module or a component, plugins that are enrolled with the application to handle that event execute in sequence.
Components – Components are the mini-applications which cover the maximum part of Joomla extensions. They are considered to be the most complicated of all extensions. Depending on the type of template being used they are displayed in the center or side of the main content area of a template. Components mostly have two parts – a site part and an administrator part. The site part is used to render pages whenever being called during normal site operation. The administrator part which is accessible through the Joomla Administrator apps acts an interface to manage different aspects of the component like editing and customizing.
Languages – Languages come under simple and basic extensions. They can be used in both ways, as core part or as an extension. The translation of static text strings which are accredited within the Joomla source code are provided by these language packs. These also include XML meta files for converting PDFs to joomla.
Modules – Modules are the Joomla extensions which are used for rendering pages in a flexible manner. These are placed around a component on a typical joomla loaded page and one can make them visible or hide them depending on the current page which is being accessed by the user. Like contact module or search module. Modules are linked to components for displaying new content and images. For example, the “music module”, links to the content component (com_content) and displays links to the music content items.
Joomla has become very famous among online web users. It has more than 3% of websites on the internet and is offered by almost all the main web hosting providers. They have control panels which enable one click installation of Joomla which is very quick, easy and time saving.